A French composer born in 1947 in Le Havre.
With diplomas in letters, Arabic, economcs and political sciences, a pupil of Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatory (1967), Tristan Murail was in residence at the Villa Medici (1971-73); he collaborated in the foundation of L’Itinéraire (1973). An enthusiast of computer-assisted composition, electronics in real time, as well as by pedagogy, he has taught computer music (Paris Conservatory and Ircam), organised seminars (Darmstadt, Royaumont, Acanthes) and since 1997 teaches at Columbia University (USA). A theoretician, he constructed the foundations of spectral music. The æsthetic of his works, exempt as they are from silence, rests upon pre-compositional work, the use of sound sources taken from nature, the icnlusion of meta-processes and a care forteh phenomena of memorisation. His works include Sables (1975), Tellur (1977), Treize couleurs du soleil couchant (1978), Gondwana (1980), Désintégrations (1982), Serendib (1992), Bois flotté (1996) Winter fragments (2000), Légendes urbaines (2006), Contes cruels (2007).